欢迎访问近代力学系网站  科大邮箱 联系我们 English Version
近代力学系
下拉链接
首页
通知新闻
系况简介
师资队伍
科学研究
研究生培养
本科教学
学术活动
学生工作
招生就业
文档下载
相关链接
科学发展观
网站登录

Bio-inspired Engineering: Fundamentals and multifunctional applications

发布日期:2015-12-07    作者:

【报告题目】Bio-inspired Engineering: Fundamentals and multifunctional applications

【报告人】Dr. Zuankai Wang, Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering, City University of Hong Kong

【时间】2015年12月14日(星期一)下午4:00 

【地点】力一楼227会议室 

【举办单位】中科院材料力学行为和设计重点实验室

【报告摘要】Nature has long provided limitless source of inspiration for engineers. Indeed, many biological systems in nature orchestrate a high level of functionalities and adaptability to their environments enabled by intricate control of solid-liquid-vapor interfaces, for example self-cleaning lotus leaves and insect-capturing pitcher plant. The fundamental understanding and our ability to control those interfaces have transformative effects on some of the emerging challenges facing us. One central question in the emerging field of bio-inspired surfaces for multifunctional applications is how to minimize the contact time of a droplet with solid surface. However, there exists a theoretical contact time limit which is imposed by the classical hydrodynamics. In this talk, I will briefly discuss our recent efforts and exciting progress to this classical and important problem. By designing novel surface made from an array of widely spaced tapered posts, the impinging droplet can bounce off with a pancake-like shape without retracting, leading to a fourfold reduction in contact time compared with conventional complete rebound. Our approach signifies a new direction in the design of bio-inspired materials for various applications. Then, I will discuss an asymmetric bouncing on cylindrical surfaces with a convex/concave architecture of size comparable to that of the drop, which leads to a 40% reduction in the total contact time. I will also discuss a new bouncing regime that combines the inherent advantage of lotus leaves and pitcher plant surfaces. We find that there exists a superhydrophobic-like bouncing on thin liquid films, characterized by the contact time, the spreading dynamics, and the restitution coefficient independent of the underlying liquid substrate. Through experimental exploration and theoretical analysis, we demonstrate that the sustenance of such substrate-independent (superhydrophobic-like) bouncing necessitates an intricate interplay between the Weber number, and the thickness and viscosity of the liquid substrate. Finally, I will discuss how to translate the fundamental insights learned from the quest for the maximum water repellency to multifunctional applications including dropwise condensation, boiling heat transfer, water harvest, anti-icing, antibacterial and fast optical imaging.

【报告人简介】Dr. Zuankai Wang received his bachelor degree in Mechanical Engineering at Jilin University in 2000 and master degree in microelectroni cs at Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, in 2003. He earned his Ph. D. degree in the Department of Mechanical, Aerospace and Nuclear Engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in 2008. After one year post-doctoral training in the Department of Biomedical Engineering at Columbia University, he joined the Department of Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering at the City University of Hong Kong as an assistant professor in October 2009 and became an associate professor since July 2014. Dr. Wang won the Chinese Government Outstanding Self-Financed Students Abroad Award in 2007, Best Paper Award in the Second and Third International Symposium on Optofluidics (2012, 2013), Materials Research Society Graduate Student Silver Award in the 2007 Fall Meeting. The student he supervised has a number of awards including the 2015 Materials Research Society Graduate Student Silver Award and 2015 Hong Kong Young Scientist Award.

 

Copyright©2008-2010 Department of modern mechanics,USTC,All rights reserved.

版权所有:中国科学技术大学近代力学系